Climate and weather in Brazil

Climate and weather in Brazil

South America

The extreme expansion in the southern hemisphere leads to different climatic zones in Brazil . Most of the regions and areas have a tropical and subtropical climate . In addition, the seasons in Brazil are opposite to those in Europe. Means: If summer is with us, the Brazilians have winter time and vice versa. Roughly, the closer you get to the equator, the fewer fluctuations there are between the temperatures over the course of the year and the more humid and humid it is. For the other direction, towards the south of Brazil, the temperature fluctuations between the seasons are greater.

Climate and weather in southern Brazil

According to HARVARDSHOES, the climate in the south of Brazil is subtropical. Among other things, the city of Porto Alegre is located here. Further east are Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo . The summer months are hot with temperatures between 27 and 31 degrees Celsius. Here are January  and February , the heißesten months and also have a high humidity on. At night, temperatures drop by around 10 degrees Celisus and are usually around 20 degrees Celsius, sometimes above or below. The rainy days in the individual months are relatively similar over the course of the year, between 7 and 11 days per month. The winter prevails in southern Brazil by June to August . During this time, the temperatures are significantly lower than in summer. The thermometer reaches an average of 20 degrees Celsius during the day. At night you can shiver with 10 degrees Celsius. I recommend thicker clothing, because it is not uncommon for frost to occur. The following applies to the water temperature: It is over 21 degrees Celsius all year round and is permanently suitable for bathing.

Climate table Porto Alegre

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 31 31 29 26 22 19 19 20 21 23 27 29
Min. Temperature in ° C 19 20 19 17 13 10 9 10 12 13 16 18
Hours of sunshine per day 8 8 7 6 6 5 5 6 6 7 8 9
Water temperature in ° C 25 25 26 25 24 23 22 22 21 22 23 24
Rainy days per month 8 8 8 9 9 10 9 11 10 10 8 7

Climate and weather in southwest Brazil

In the southwest is the popular Pantanal . The climate in the southwest of Brazil is tropical and is divided into a dry and a rainy season. The rainy season is from October to March and the dry season from April to September. The temperatures in the two times hardly differ from each other. The difference lies in the precipitation. During the rainy season there is often heavy rainfall and means that roads and entire areas in the Pantanal cannot be passed. In the rainy season, the maximum temperatures are around 32 degrees Celsius. These temperatures are also prevalent in the dry season. However, it rains less and it can cool down a lot during the nights. The hours of sunshine are at their maximum from April to September. In the rainy season, the sun is less visible.

Climate and weather in northern Brazil

Northern Brazil with the Amazons has a tropical climate . It is generally hot and humid here . Even in the dry season, which is from July to December . The maximum temperatures are over 30 degrees Celsius all year round. It’s always at least 24 degrees Celsius. In the rainy season there is an average of up to 19 days of precipitation and that is not negligible. In the dry season it rains considerably less, but showers also occur regularly during this time. But that makes up for the increased hours of sunshine during the day. Note that the humidity in the north of Brazil and on the Amazon is permanently high and is around 90%. The climate table of Manaus represents the weather conditions for the entire north of Brazil.

Climate table Northern Brazil (Manaus)

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 31 31 31 31 31 31 32 33 33 33 32 31
Min. Temperature in ° C 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
Hours of sunshine per day 4 4 4 4 5 7 8 8 8 7 6 5
Rainy days per month 19 19 19 19 19 11 8 6 7 11 12 16

Climate and weather in northeastern Brazil

The climate on the coast in northeast Brazil is similar to that in the north . Temperatures are over 30 degrees Celsius all year round. Due to the constant wind that comes from the sea, the temperatures can be tolerated relatively well and do not feel so hot. At night it is still warm with up to 23 degrees all year round and it does not cool down too much. In northeastern Brazil , the rainy season starts at the beginning of the year and lasts until the middle of the year. It rains most frequently in the months of January, February, March and April – there are up to 26 rainy days per month. From July it will be drier and precipitation can be seen less than in the rainy season. The water temperature has constant temperatures around 27 Gard Celsius. In the rainy season, clouds obscure the sky, making it difficult for the sun to show itself for long. Most hours of sunshine per day are during the dry season on the northeast coast of Brazil. The climate table for Belem shows the climate in the northeast of the country.

Climate table of Belem

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 31 31 30 31 31 32 32 32 32 32 32 32
Min. Temperature in ° C 22 22 22 23 23 22 22 22 22 22 22 22
Hours of sunshine per day 4 4 3 4 6 8 8 8 7 7 7 6
Water temperature in ° C 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27
Rainy days per month 25 24 26 25 22 18 15 15 16 13 13 18

Climate and weather in Brazil