Geography of Chittenden County, Vermont

North America

Chittenden County, nestled in the northwestern part of Vermont, is a region known for its diverse geography, vibrant communities, and picturesque landscapes. From its rolling hills and fertile valleys to its scenic lakes and majestic mountains, Chittenden County offers a wide array of outdoor recreational opportunities and cultural attractions. In this exploration, we’ll delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Chittenden County.


Chittenden County encompasses an area of approximately 619 square miles, making it the most populous county in Vermont by both population and land area. It is situated in the Champlain Valley, bordered by the counties of Franklin to the north, Addison to the south, Washington to the southeast, and Grand Isle to the northwest. The county seat and largest city is Burlington.

The geography of Chittenden County is characterized by its diverse terrain, which includes rolling hills, fertile farmland, and extensive shoreline along Lake Champlain. The county lies within the Green Mountains region, a subrange of the Appalachian Mountains.

The landscape of Chittenden County is shaped by the presence of several mountain ranges, including the Green Mountains to the east and the Adirondack Mountains to the west. These mountains provide stunning vistas, challenging hiking trails, and opportunities for outdoor recreation such as skiing, snowboarding, and camping.


Chittenden County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons and moderate precipitation throughout the year. The region’s climate is influenced by its location in the northeastern United States and its proximity to Lake Champlain.

Summers in Chittenden County are typically warm and humid, with daytime temperatures averaging in the 70s and 80s Fahrenheit. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, bringing brief but intense rainfall and occasional lightning.

Winters in Chittenden County are cold and snowy, with temperatures often dropping below freezing from December to February. Snowfall accumulates throughout the winter months, creating ideal conditions for winter sports such as skiing, snowboarding, and ice skating.

Spring and autumn in Chittenden County are relatively mild, with temperatures gradually warming up in the spring and cooling down in the autumn. These seasons are favored by many residents for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and enjoying the colorful foliage in the county’s parks and nature reserves.

Rivers and Lakes:

Chittenden County is traversed by several rivers and streams that provide important habitats for wildlife and offer recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. One of the most significant waterways in the county is the Winooski River, which flows from its headwaters in the Green Mountains through Chittenden County and into Lake Champlain. The Winooski River and its tributaries provide opportunities for fishing, boating, and wildlife viewing, as well as scenic beauty as they wind their way through the county’s countryside.

In addition to the Winooski River, the county is home to several other rivers and creeks, including the Lamoille River, the Huntington River, and the Browns River. These waterways meander through the county’s valleys and provide important water sources for wildlife, as well as opportunities for outdoor recreation such as fishing, kayaking, and picnicking.

Lake Champlain, one of the largest freshwater lakes in the United States, forms the western border of Chittenden County. The lake provides opportunities for boating, fishing, swimming, and sailing, as well as scenic beauty and recreational activities along its extensive shoreline.

Notable Features:

Chittenden County is home to several notable landmarks and attractions that showcase the region’s natural beauty and cultural heritage. One of the most iconic features of the county is the Church Street Marketplace, a pedestrian mall located in downtown Burlington. The Marketplace features a wide range of shops, restaurants, cafes, and street performers, as well as historic architecture and lively atmosphere that attract visitors from near and far.

Another popular destination in Chittenden County is the Shelburne Museum, a 45-acre museum located in the town of Shelburne. The museum features a diverse collection of art, Americana, and historic buildings, including a steamboat, a covered bridge, and a lighthouse. The Shelburne Museum offers guided tours, educational programs, and special events throughout the year, making it a favorite destination for art enthusiasts, history buffs, and families alike.


In conclusion, Chittenden County offers a diverse array of geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other natural features that make it a unique and appealing destination for outdoor enthusiasts and cultural enthusiasts. From its scenic lakes and rivers to its vibrant downtowns and historic landmarks, this corner of northwestern Vermont provides endless opportunities for outdoor exploration, cultural enrichment, and appreciation of the natural world. Whether you’re exploring the Church Street Marketplace, visiting the Shelburne Museum, or simply enjoying the beauty of Lake Champlain, Chittenden County has something to offer for everyone.